Investments are the investment of capital in any of its forms with the aim of increasing it, obtaining from it a current income or solving certain tasks of a social nature.
To understand how to invest in enterprises, it is worth starting to understand different investment options. There is some classification of the company’s investments.
1. Financial and Real Investment
The real type of investment is the investment of capital in the reproduction process of fixed assets, in the assets of non-material innovative purpose, in the growth of reserves of commodity-material items that are related to the operating activities of the enterprise or with the improvement of the personnel’s everyday life and its working conditions.
The financial form of investments consists in investing capital in all kinds of financial instruments, most often securities, in order to receive income from them.
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2. Direct and Indirect Investments
A direct type of investment involves the direct involvement of the investor of finance. That is, the investor himself chooses an object for investing his capital. This type of investment is often used by those who are well acquainted with the investment process, as well as well versed in the object in which it invests its funds.
An indirect type of investment is designed to invest capital through financial intermediaries.
3. The Degree Of Risk Of The Funds Invested Has Several Types
– Risk-free investment: This investment is known to be a successful project that will not entail loss of capital, provide income, and provide guarantees for obtaining real profits from invested funds;
– Investments with a low degree of risk: Investing in assets where the level of risk is several times lower than the average market risk;
– Investments with medium risk: Accordingly, the degree of risk is almost equal to the average market;
– Investments with a high degree of risk: The level of risk here is much higher than the average market;
– Speculative investments: Represented by financial investments in the objects with the highest risk, but also with the highest expected income.